History - Tukma



Tukma Kingdom 

Long before the Spaniards arrived to the Americas, the valleys and canyons of what is now the northwestern region of Argentina were land of the Diaguitas. In their native language the region was known as Tukmanao, "The Kingdom of Tukma" which was the title of the great chief who ruled the land.

The Diaguitas (South American indigenous people) had mastered extremely sophisticated farming techniques, which were improved by the influence of the conquering Incas, who descended upon their land from the North. These ancient agricultural traditions were applied to the care of the vineyards brought by the Spaniards, and to the production of wine.

Almost five hundred years later, from Tolombón (Salta), in the heart of the Tukmanao, our winery seeks to embrace the roots of the region with wines of unmistakable identity and unique characteristics.


The Spaniards

Although wild vineyards grew in several parts of the Americas, it was only after the arrival of the Spaniards that wine appeared in the new world. In 1493, during his second voyage, Christopher Columbus brought the first vineyards to the Antilles.

The climate in the Caribbean was not appropriate for that particular crop, but attempts to produce grapes for wine in southern regions were more successful. Vineyards were introduced in what is now our territory through the Calchaquí Valleys, where the Jesuits started cultivating some excellent strains of the vitis vinifera.

From then on, winemaking was always closely related to the spread of Christianity. Soon enough, the shipments of wine from Spain to celebrate mass became insufficient as the number of Christians in the Americas grew. It was then that American vineyards –most of them in the hands of priests- started proliferating, and eventually the production of wine became a staple also in farms.